The United States is a federal union of fifty states. The original thirteen states were the successors of the thirteen colonies that rebelled against the British rule. Most of the rest have been carved from territory obtained through war or purchase by the U.S. government. The exceptions are Vermont, Texas, and Hawaii; each was an independent republic before joining the union. Early in the country’s history, three states were created out of the territory of existing ones: Kentucky from Virginia; Tennessee from North Carolina; and Maine from Massachusetts. West Virginia broke away from Virginia during the American Civil War. The most recent state — Hawaii — achieved statehood on August 21, 1959. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the states do not have the right to secede from the union.
The following regions have similar climate, geography, traditions, and history.
New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire. Rhode Island. Vermont;
Middle Atlantic: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missou North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia;
Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio. South Dakota, Wisconsin;
Southwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas;
West: Alaska, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada. Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming.
The states compose the vast bulk of the U.S. land mass. The only other areas considered integral parts of the country are the District of Columbia, the federal district where the capital, Washington,located; and Palmyra Atoll, an uninhabited but incorporated territory in the Pacific Ocean. The United States possesses five major territories with indigenous populations: Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands in the Caribbean; and American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific. Those born in the territories (except for American Samoa) possess U.S. citizenship.
Rank State Name Date of Union Entry
a successor (s) — преемник, наследник
a purchase — покупка, приобретение
existing — существующий
not to have the right to secede from the union — не иметь права выходить из союза
to compose smth — составлять что-либо
integral parts of smth — неотъемлемые части чего-либо
an incorporated territory — присоединенная территория