Periods in Office:
May 10,1940 to July 27, 1945
October 26, 1951 to April 7, 1955 Political Party: Conservative
PM Predecessors: Neville Chamberlain, Clement Attlee
PM Successors: Clement Attlee, Anthony Eden
Date of Birth: November 30, 1874, Oxfordshire, England
Death: January 24, 1965, London, England
The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG. ОМ. CH. FRS (November 30, 1874 — January 24, 1965) was a British politician, best known as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II. At various times an author, soldier, journalist, legislator and painter, Churchill is generally regarded as one of the most important leaders in British and world history.
Winston Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, near Woodstock in Oxfordshire. Winston's father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a politician. Winston's mother, Lady Randolph Churchill of Brooklyn, New York, was a daughter of American millionaire Leonard Jerome. As the son of a prominent politician, it was unsurprising that Churchill was soon drawn into politics himself.
He started speaking at a number of Conservative meetings in the 1890s. In the 1906 general election, Churchill won a seat in Manchester. He served as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies. Churchill soon became the most prominent member of the Government. At the outbreak of the Second World War Churchill was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. He was an early supporter of the pan-Europeanism that led to the formation of the European Common market and later the European Union (for which one of the three main buildings of the European Parliament is named in his honour).
Miscellany — In 1953 he was awarded two major honours. He was knighted and became Sir Winston Churchill and he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values. He was named Time Magazine "Man of the Halt-Century" in the early 1950s. In 1959 Churchill inherited the title of Father of the House. He became the MP with the longest continuous service — since 1924.
Churchill College, a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, was founded in 1960 as the national and commonwealth memorial to Winston Churchill. Churchill was voted as "The Greatest Briton" in 2002 "100 Greatest Britons" poll sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public.
KG — Knight of the Order of the Garter — кавалер ордена Подвязки
ОМ — Order of Merit — орден Достоинства
FRS — Fellow of the Royal Society — член Королевского общества
a legislator — законодатель
a seat — стать членом правительства
an Under-Secretary — заместитель генерального секретаря
at the outbreak of smth — начало чего-то, в начале чего-то
to be knighted — состоять в рыцарском звании; быть награжденным рыцарским званием
exalted human values — вечные человеческие ценности
MP — Member of Parliament — член парламента